The USTA (United States Tennis Association) NTRP (National Tennis Rating Program) is a self-rate skill level classification system that’s intended to group players of similar ability levels together. It was designed to foster more competitive and enjoyable play, and is used in league play and tournaments across the United States.

Ratings range from 1.0 to 7.0, with the lower end of the scale representing beginner levels and the higher end representing advanced or professional levels. The increments of 0.5 denote further subdivisions of skill within that scale.

Here’s a general guideline for what each rating means:

1.0 – This rating is for someone just starting to play tennis or with limited experience. They are still working primarily on getting the ball into play.

1.5 – Has limited experience and is still working primarily on getting the ball into play.

2.0 – Needs on-court experience. This player has obvious stroke weaknesses but is familiar with basic positions for singles and doubles play.

2.5 – This player is learning to judge where the ball is going, although court coverage is weak. Can sustain a short rally of slow pace with other players of the same ability.

3.0 – Fairly consistent when hitting medium-paced shots, but is not comfortable with all strokes and lacks execution when trying for directional control, depth or power.

3.5 – Has achieved improved stroke dependability with directional control on moderate shots, but still lacks depth and variety. Starting to exhibit more aggressive net play.

4.0 – Has dependable strokes, including directional control and depth on both forehand and backhand sides on moderate shots, plus the ability to use lobs, overheads, approach shots and volleys with some success.

4.5 – Starting to master the use of power and spins and beginning to handle pace, has sound footwork, can control depth of shots and is beginning to vary game plan according to opponents.

5.0 – Has good shot anticipation and frequently has an outstanding shot or exceptional consistency around which a game may be structured.

5.5 – Can vary strategies and styles of play in a competitive situation and hit dependable shots in a stress situation.

6.0 to 7.0 – These are typically professional levels. Players can execute all strokes with a high degree of proficiency, maintain a reliable game under stress conditions, and use individual style effectively in competitive situations.

The NTRP rating allows for more equitable matches, as it aims to pair players of similar skill sets together.

What Does the United States Tennis Association (USTA) Do?

As the name suggests, the USTA is the governing body for tennis in the United States. Founded in 1881, it aims to foster the expansion of tennis. USTA is a non-profit that invests all its proceeds to promote and develop tennis growth, from grass-roots to professional levels.

The USTA promotes, develops, and organizes tennis at all levels in the United States and its key functions include the following:

#1 Organizing Tournaments & Events

The USTA arranges tournaments of various levels, including the US Open, which is one of the four Grand Slam tournaments.

#2 Player Development

USTA conducts player development programs to discover and nurture upcoming tennis talents. Training camps, coaching, and funding support are provided for young players with potential.

#3 Community Tennis

USTA aims to make tennis more accessible, especially in the community. Programs are available for both children and adults to encourage participation. They aid in building and renovating tennis facilities nationwide.

#4 USTA Leagues

USTA Leagues offer leagues for players of all ages and abilities. USTA League, USTA Junior Team Tennis, and USTA Tennis On Campus are some of the programs offered.

#5 Ratings & Rankings

The USTA has a rating system called the National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP) that helps place players in USTA League play. They rank players in USTA-sanctioned tournaments.

#6 Tennis Advocacy

The USTA advocates for tennis by promoting the sport in schools, lobbying for public facilities, and highlighting its health benefits.

#7 Grants & Scholarships

USTA offers financial aid to support the advancement of tennis for eligible individuals and groups. Scholarships are offered to young players and grants are given to organizations that promote tennis participation in their communities.

#8 Education & Certification

USTA offers educational resources for players, coaches, and officials. Certification programs for coaches and officials are available, along with educational materials to enhance tennis skills.

How Does the USTA NTRP Ratings Work?

As mentioned, the NTRP ratings is a skill-level rating system designed to ensure competitive matches by classifying players based on their abilities. It is primarily used in USTA League play, although other tennis organizations also use it. The ratings range from 1.0 (a beginner) to 7.0 (a professional player).


When players initially join USTA leagues, they self-rate according to the NTRP’s guidelines. These guidelines describe the general characteristics, skills, and abilities of players at each level, and players select the description that best fits their current ability level.

Dynamic Ratings

Self-rating is the beginning. USTA leagues and tournaments use a “dynamic” rating system that takes into account players’ performances in matches. The rating of a player changes based on the outcome of each match and the rating of their opponents.

Beating a stronger opponent can raise a player’s dynamic rating, and losing to a weaker opponent can lower it. One match doesn’t significantly affect the dynamic rating. The rating is based on the performance in several matches.

Year-end Ratings

USTA publishes official NTRP ratings for players who have played enough matches at the end of each year. “Year-end” ratings are based on a player’s dynamic ratings from the year. Year-end ratings determine a player’s league level for the next year.

Rating Appeals

Players can appeal their rating if they feel it doesn’t reflect their skill level. Appeals can be made for medical and non-medical reasons. Medical appeals are for players who have a permanent and significant injury or illness that affects their ability to play. Non-medical appeals are for players who dispute their year-end rating.

How Can I Boost My USTA NTRP Rating?

The NTRP rating system aims to facilitate fun and challenging matches. Strive for improvement, but also prioritize enjoyment and fair play.

Improving your USTA NTRP rating is linked to enhancing your tennis skills and winning more matches against players with similar or higher ratings. Follow these strategies to improve your rating:

#1 Practice More

Regular and deliberate practice is necessary to improve any skill, including tennis. Playing more improves your skills. Play frequently and focus on improving all aspects of your game, including serving, groundstrokes, volleys, overheads, and footwork.

#2 Private Lessons / Coaching

Consider private lessons or coaching. A coach can identify your strengths and weaknesses, correct technical flaws, and provide drills to improve your game. Learning tactics and strategy can improve match play significantly, and coaches can assist with this.

#3 Competitive Play

Join tournaments and league matches frequently for competitive play. Playing competitively can improve your ability to manage stress, create tactics, and enhance your comprehension of the game. Beating higher-rated players increases your dynamic rating more than beating lower-rated players.

#4 Physical Fitness

Tennis requires physical fitness. Enhancing your physical abilities can provide an advantage in matches, especially during extended and demanding points.

#5 Mental Toughness

Mental skills like staying calm, focused, positive, and resilient are as crucial as physical abilities. Read about sports psychology or work with a sports psychologist.

#6 Match Analysis

Analyze your matches by recording and reviewing them. Identify patterns, recognize errors, and comprehend successful strategies. A coach can help in this aspect.

#7 Specific Skill Practice

Practice your weakest areas specifically by identifying them and designing your practice sessions accordingly. You can improve your second serve or work on your backhand down the line.

In Summary

The NTRP rating system aims to ensure fair and competitive matches, so honesty in self-rating and sportsmanship in league play are highly valued.

USTA calculates dynamic and year-end ratings using proprietary algorithms and mathematical formulas based on a reliable statistical model that rates players accurately based on their match results.

The USTA’s NTRP system fosters tennis growth at all levels in the US. The aim is to group players based on their skills and abilities to promote fair competition and enjoyment of the sport. Knowing the rating system is important for all players, whether they are amateurs or professionals.

The USTA plays a big role in developing and organizing tennis in the U.S., from community programs to the US Open.

Improving NTRP rating requires hard work, consistent practice, strategic gameplay, and continuous learning. Remember that pursuing this also requires dedication to sportsmanship, fair play, and the spirit of competition.

Tennis is a journey, whether you’re a beginner, improving, or looking for new challenges. The USTA and NTRP rating system can help make your tennis journey enjoyable, challenging, and rewarding. Enjoy the game, appreciate the process, and find joy in the journey regardless of your rating.